SAP Authorizations Use Central User Management change documents - SAP Basis

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Use Central User Management change documents
Permissions must be maintained in every SAP system - a task that becomes more difficult the more complex the system landscapes and the greater the number of users. Especially in growing system landscapes, once defined concepts no longer fit the current requirements or the processes in role and authorisation management become more and more complex and cumbersome over time.

If a user is assigned SAP_ALL, he has all permissions in an ABAP system. Therefore, particular care should be taken in the dedicated award of this entitlement. SAP_ALL can be generated automatically when you transport authorization objects. The SAP_ALL_GENERATION parameter must be maintained in the PRGN_CUST table.
Authorization objects
In most cases, customizing is performed using transaction SPRO. However, this is only the initial transaction for a very comprehensive tree structure of further maintenance transactions. Most customizing activities, however, consist of indirect or direct maintenance of tables. Therefore, a random check of the authorization structure in this environment can be reduced to table authorizations. In the case of delimited responsibilities within customizing (e.g. FI, MM, SD, etc.), attention should therefore be paid here to an appropriate delimitation within the table authorizations. Independent of assigned transaction authorizations within customizing, a full authorization on table level combined with a table maintenance transaction such as SM30 practically corresponds to a full authorization in customizing. Normal customizing by user departments generally refers to client-specific tables. Access to system tables should therefore be restricted to basic administration if possible.

The general authorizations are quite normal authorization objects in SAP HCM, which regulates the access to PA/PD infotypes (tables PAnnnn / HRPnnnn), clusters for the own person or for other persons. Typical authorization objects are "P_PERNR", "P_ORGIN", "P_ORGXX", "PLOG" and "P_PLCX".

Authorizations can also be assigned via "Shortcut for SAP systems".

The activities described here require administrative permissions for the change documents (S_SCD0 and S_ARCHIVE) and, if applicable, for the table logs (S_TABU_DIS or S_TABU_NAM and S_ARCHIVE).

If you have an area start page, check the technical name of the corresponding logical link.
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