The Anatomy of SAP Authorization or Documentation on SAP Authorization Objects and Authorization Field Values
The next step is to maintain the permission values. Here, too, you can take advantage of the values of the permission trace. When you switch from the Role menu to the Permissions tab, you will generate startup permissions for all applications on the Role menu and display default permissions from the permissions suggestions. You can now add these suggested values to the trace data by clicking the button trace in the Button bar.
Here we present different scenarios for the process of resetting passwords. In all scenarios, the user selects the system and the client in which a password is to be reset from a web page. Only systems and clients where this user already exists and assigned a permission should be displayed. An initial password is then generated and sent to the user's email address. Only if a user lock is set by false logins, the user must be unlocked. If an administrator lock is in place, the user should be informed accordingly. Before implementing self-service, consider the password rules set in your systems and the use of security policies. Because these settings allow you to control how passwords are generated in your systems. We recommend that you read the instructions in Tips 4, "Set Password Parameters and Valid Signs for Passwords", and 5, "Define User Security Policy".
Temporarily disable Central User Management
In addition to your custom authorization objects, you must also express the other relevant CO-PA authorization objects in your users' permissions. As a rule, you must limit access to the result reports of the K_KEB_REP object to the result area and the report name, and limit the functions of the information system in the K_KEB_TC object, such as executing or updating reports. You also need permissions to maintain the authorization objects in customising the result and market segment calculations. To do this, assign permissions to the K_KEPL_BER object. In the CERKRS field, define the result area for which authorization objects are created, and in the ACTVT field, define the activity, where the action 02 is Create and Modify.
Configuration validation is a tool that allows systems to be tested against corporate or organisational requirements and regulations. You can find this tool in the Change Management section of the SAP Solution Manager. This allows you to evaluate security-relevant configurations and critical permissions. This is based on the SAP Solution Manager's Configuration and Change Database (CCDB), which stores all details about the configuration of the connected systems. The configuration data is stored in different configuration stores, depending on the type of configuration. You can evaluate the configuration of the operating system, the database, and profile parameters in the ABAP and Java systems. You will also get an overview of the status of transport orders and support packages. You can also track changes to the configurations of the attached systems in the CCDB. You can also graphically evaluate these changes via an end-to-end analysis in SAP BW; contains information on the number of changes per system, the type of changes and the modification date.
For the assignment of existing roles, regular authorization workflows require a certain minimum of turnaround time, and not every approver is available at every go-live. With "Shortcut for SAP systems" you have options to assign urgently needed authorizations anyway and to additionally secure your go-live.
They fall under the customising and can only contain four characters until SAP NetWeaver 7.31 SP 2.
In our example, we created an accounting authorization object for the characteristics of the profit centre, distribution channel and work in the information system.