Security Automation for HR Authorizations
Maintaining Authorization Objects (Transaction SU21)
To access business objects or execute SAP transactions, a user requires appropriate authorizations, since business objects or transactions are protected by authorization objects. The authorizations represent instances of the generic authorization objects and are defined according to the employee's activities and responsibilities. The authorizations are combined in an authorization profile that belongs to a role. User administrators then assign the appropriate roles to the employee via the user master record so that the employee can use the respective transactions for his or her tasks in the company.
If you want to maintain authorizations and profiles manually, you need to know all SAP authorization components in detail. When using the Profile Generator, on the other hand, you do not need such detailed knowledge. This considerably reduces the time and effort required to implement the SAP system.
Controlling file access permissions
A troublesome scenario you're probably familiar with: You will soon be going live with a new business process and must now derive your roles in 97 accounting circles. Here eCATT can make your life easier. It's time again: If you don't have anyone in your department who likes to press the Copy button for several hours in the PFCG transaction, replace the Derive shortcut, and then customise the Organisation Levels (Origen) in the new roles on the Permissions tab (repeatedly connected to memory), the job will hang on you. Because there is hardly anything more boring, at the latest after one hour the first errors creep in. Whenever you have to roll out new roles, for example for your new premium business, to all your divisions, plants, etc. , the creation of the derived roles is tedious - because SAP does not offer smart mass maintenance.
However, the authorization trace is not active by default, but must be explicitly activated via the profile parameter "auth/authorization_trace". In transaction RZ11 you can easily and quickly check if the parameter is already set. The profile parameter is set in transaction RZ10. By default, the profile parameter is active in SAP systems (profile parameter transport/systemtype = SAP) and inactive in customer systems (profile parameter transport/systemtype = CUSTOMER).
However, if your Identity Management system is currently not available or the approval path is interrupted, you can still assign urgently needed authorizations with "Shortcut for SAP systems".
The business risk can thus be reduced to a minimum.
HR authorizations are a very critical issue in many companies.