SAP Authorizations Rebuilding the authorization concept - SAP Basis

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Rebuilding the authorization concept
Maintain authorization objects more easily
The user administration process, i.e. user creation, modification and deactivation, should on the one hand be available in written documented form, either as a separate document or as part of the authorization concept documented in writing, and on the other hand also be carried out in accordance with the documentation. Therefore, a reconciliation should be performed on two levels: on the one hand, it should be ensured that the documentation is up to date and, on the other hand, it should be checked whether the process was also followed in the fiscal year to be audited. Possible deviations should already be prepared argumentatively, special cases can always occur that deviate from the actual process. However, these should be documented in a comprehensible manner so that an external auditor, such as the auditor's IT auditor, can check the plausibility. All documentation should be provided with the essential information (creator, date, version, etc.) and be in a format that cannot be changed (usually PDF). Additional documentation can also be output from the ticket system, provided that the process is consistently documented via the ticket system.

Because certain types of permissions, such as analysis permissions, for SAP BW, or structural permissions in SAP ERP HCM are not based on SAP permission profiles, these permissions are not displayed or refreshed in the permission buffer. To analyse such eligibility issues, you must therefore use the appropriate tools, such as the HRAUTH transaction for SAP ERP HCM or the RSECADMIN transaction for SAP BW. The same applies to the Organisation Management buffer if you use indirect role mapping. Run the RHWFINDEXRESET report to reset the Organisation Management buffer. A prerequisite for the user buffer to be up-to-date is the correct user matching (green instead of yellow statusabilds on the Users tab).
How to analyze roles and authorizations in the SAP system
Create a message to be displayed to the user when permissions checks fail. The tests in this User-Exit are relatively free. This allows you to read table entries, store data from the ABAP application's memory, or read data that is already there. However, you are limited by the interface parameters of the application. In our example, these are the BKPF and BSEG structures and the system variables. If the information from the interface parameters is not sufficient for the test, you can use your programming skills and knowledge about the interdependencies of substitution and validation in finance to find additional data. The following coding allows you to identify the selected offset document entries that you can find in the POSTAB table (with the RFOPS structure) in the SAPMF05A programme. This way you can find many additional data. It is important that the supporting programme processes the User-Exits.

If you have a Central User Administration (ZBV) in use, there are certain dependencies between the base release of your ZBV and the base release of the subsidiary systems. Check the compatibility of your systems before setting the login/password_downwards_ compatibility profile parameter. For details on the technical dependencies between releases, see SAP Note 1458262.

If you get into the situation that authorizations are required that were not considered in the role concept, "Shortcut for SAP systems" allows you to assign the complete authorization for the respective authorization object.

Use a test implementation in the SNOTE transaction to identify additional SAP hints that are required for a security advisory and may also contain functional changes.

The Security Audit Log now also logs events where the runtime was affected by the debugger.
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