Important components in the authorization concept
SAP S/4HANA® Launch Pack for Authorizations
Access to personal data in a company is a sensitive issue. It is essential to manage this access securely and to be able to provide information at any time about who has access to the data, when and in what way - and not just for the sake of the auditor. For this reason, the topic of SAP authorizations is a very important one, especially for the HR department.
SAP delivers authorization objects for Records and Case Management, which you can use to control access to records, cases, documents, and incoming mail items for individual organizational units in your organizational plan in conjunction with corresponding Customizing settings. SAP delivers predefined roles that contain clearly defined authorizations for the respective task areas of the employees. Among other things, these roles also contain the authorization objects for Records Management and Case Management. You can use the roles as a template for your own roles and adapt them to your requirements.
SAP*: The SAP* user is part of the SAP kernel, and since it is hard-coded in the SAP system, it does not require a user master set. If there is no user master set for SAP*, anyone can log on to the SAP system after rebooting with this user, as the default password will then apply. The user thus has access to all functions, since Authority Checks in this case do not take effect. You can prevent this behaviour by setting the login/no_automatic_user_sapstar profile parameter to 1. If you want to copy clients, you have to set this parameter to 0 again before you do so, because the user SAP* is required for this. Safeguard measures: Despite the parameter setting, the SAP user should have a user master set in all clients. However, you should remove all profiles and lock the user. In addition, change the password, assign the user to the SUPER user group, and log it with the Security Audit Log.
SAP authorizations are not exclusively an operational issue - they are also essential for risk management and compliance and represent one of the key audit topics for internal auditing and auditors. In most cases, the different rules according to which the risks of SAP authorizations are assessed are problematic.
For the assignment of existing roles, regular authorization workflows require a certain minimum of turnaround time, and not every approver is available at every go-live. With "Shortcut for SAP systems" you have options to assign urgently needed authorizations anyway and to additionally secure your go-live.
You can use your own authorization objects to develop permission checks to authorise your custom applications or extend default permissions.
All function modules that are to be executable via RFC are entered into the UCON Communication Assembly.