How to analyze roles and authorizations in the SAP system
With the help of the SAP-Note 1642106 it is possible to automatically perform the text comparison from SAP NetWeaver AS ABAP 7.0. Inserting the note will automatically perform text matching for any changes to PFCG roles in the central system. We recommend that you install the support package that is appropriate for your release, which is specified in the SAP Note, because inserting the hint requires a lot of manual work. With the help of the SUSR_ZBV_GET_RECEIVER_PROFILES report, you can turn on the new functionality in all subsidiary systems where the correction information has also been recorded. If you run the report in the central system with the default selection, all subsidiary systems are included. You can check whether the function is present in the daughter systems in the report log.
You have now successfully recorded the blueprint. Now the slightly trickier part follows: The identification of the values to be changed at mass execution. In the editor of your test configuration, at the bottom of the text box, is the record you have created: TCD ( PFCG , PFCG_1 ). Double-click the PFCG_1 interface. On the right, a new detail with the recording details appears. Now you have to look for your input a bit. For example, use the role name entered on the PFCG entry screen (field name 'AGR_NAME_NEW'). Now comes an important step: Replace the values you entered during the recording with a placeholder, a so-called input parameter. To do this, go to the VALIN line and type any parameter name, such as ROLLENNAME, instead of the role name you entered. Click Enter and you will be asked what type of parameter it is. Specify Import and confirm with Yes.
Schedule PFUD transaction on a regular basis
Very often the question then arises, does anything have to be prepared for the audit? As a rule, all of the company's own notes from previous years should be retrieved and combed through for information that was noted at the time during the discussions with the IT auditor. The IT auditor's findings and comments that show potential for improvement in IT-relevant processes or system settings are particularly essential. Furthermore, any reports by the auditor from the previous year should also be taken into account, in which deficiencies identified at that time were pointed out.
You can customise the AIS cockpit to your needs. To do this, use the customising that you will also find in the transaction SAIS under the button Administration of the audit environment. Select Configure Audit Cockpit and you can define a default audit structure, the maximum line length for log entries, and the number of log entries per audit step.
"Shortcut for SAP systems" is a tool that enables the assignment of authorizations even if the IdM system fails.
In any case, the activities of the emergency user should be logged and checked regularly.
In addition to defining permissions for external RFC access through the S_RFC authorization object, it is possible to prevent external calls to function blocks.