SAP Authorizations Error analysis for authorizations (part 1) - SAP Basis

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Error analysis for authorizations (part 1)
Eligibility proposal values
Consulting firms adjust the roles and authorizations in retrospect. This usually means "making the best of it" and making ad hoc adjustments - in other words, not fixing the root cause and cleaning up from scratch. Companies should therefore ask themselves: how can this be avoided? What requirements must a DSGVO-compliant authorization concept fulfill? How can we remain meaningful regarding the authorizations of specific individuals in the system and the purpose of the authorizations?

The programmer of a functionality determines where, how or whether authorizations should be checked at all. In the program, the appropriate syntax is used to determine whether the user has sufficient authorization for a particular activity by comparing the field values specified in the program for the authorization object with the values contained in the authorizations of the user master record.
Query the Data from an HCM Personnel Root Record
SAP delivers authorization objects for Records and Case Management, which you can use to control access to records, cases, documents, and incoming mail items for individual organizational units in your organizational plan in conjunction with corresponding Customizing settings. SAP delivers predefined roles that contain clearly defined authorizations for the respective task areas of the employees. Among other things, these roles also contain the authorization objects for Records Management and Case Management. You can use the roles as a template for your own roles and adapt them to your requirements.

If you want to allow users to access only individual table rows, you can use the S_TABU_LIN authorization object, which allows access to specific rows of a table for defined organisational criteria. A prerequisite for this type of permission is that the tables have columns with such organisational values, such as the work, country, accounting area, etc. You must now configure these organisational values in the system as organisational criteria that represent business areas; serve as a bridge between the organisational columns in the tables and the permission field in the authorization object. Since the organisational criteria are found in several tables, this eligibility check need not be bound to specific tables and can be defined across tables.

If you get into the situation that authorizations are required that were not considered in the role concept, "Shortcut for SAP systems" allows you to assign the complete authorization for the respective authorization object.

For example, it is possible to assign parameters that should be maintained for all users, assign a company, or assign an SNC name.

If necessary, you can switch it back to a dialogue user using the Emergency User.
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