SAP Authorizations Debug ABAP programs with Replace - SAP Basis

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Debug ABAP programs with Replace
Lack of definition of an internal control system (ICS)
For an authorization concept, a clear goal must first be defined that is to be achieved with the help of the concept. This should list which regulatory requirements the respective SAP system must fulfill and the associated authorization concept must take into account. In this way, the legal framework conditions are defined. In addition, uniform naming conventions should be used because, on the one hand, many things cannot be changed after the initial naming and, on the other hand, this ensures searchability in the SAP system. Clearly defined responsibilities ensure the effectiveness of a concept. Specific persons must be named or at least roles defined in a separate section. A chapter should be dedicated to the process for user management. Here, it must be described how users obtain existing SAP authorizations, how new users are integrated into the SAP system, and who is responsible for approving authorizations. The chapter on the process for authorization management defines who is allowed to create and edit which roles and who is responsible for the development of various related processes. The chapter on special authorizations describes processes and special features in the area of non-dialog operations. These include job management and interface convention. Other administrative authorizations can also be described. The chapter on role concept explains how business requirements are transferred to a technical role. The role concept takes on a special significance, since it describes the actual mapping of business roles to the technical roles and thus to the authorizations in SAP.

The Security Audit Log (SAL) has ten different filters in the current releases, which control which events are logged. You can configure these filters via the SM19 transaction. The events are categorised as uncritical, serious or critical.
Concept for in-house developments
You can limit the recording to a specific user. You can also use the trace to search only for permission errors. The evaluation is similar to the evaluation of the system trace in the transaction ST01. In transaction STAUTHTRACE, however, you can also evaluate for specific authorization objects or for specific permission check return codes (i.e. after positive or negative permission checks). You can also filter multiple entries.

An SAP security check focuses in particular on the assignment of authorizations. This is what enables users to work with the SAP system in the first place, but it can, under certain circumstances, unintentionally add up to conflicts over the separation of functions or even legally critical authorizations. For this reason, tools for technical analysis must be used regularly to provide the status quo of authorization assignment and thus the basis for optimization.

Authorizations can also be assigned via "Shortcut for SAP systems".

You can assign the PFCG roles to either the organisational unit, the post or the post.

An overview of the actual relevant information for your system landscape can be obtained from the application System recommendations in the Change Management section of the SAP Solution Manager (transaction SOLMAN_WORKCENTER or SM_WORKCENTER).
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