Configure Security Audit Log
User Information System SUIM
You noticed that the maintenance status of the permissions in PFCG roles changes when you maintain, change, or manually add authorization objects? Find out what the permission status is. When deleting or adding transactions in the role menu of PFCG roles, the respective permissions in the PFCG role have the Maintenance Status Standard. Add or change the permissions, the Maintenance Status changes to either Care or Changed. You may have seen the Maintenance Status Manual before. What are the background to this maintenance status and what do they actually say?
Note that the S_TCODE authorization object is always filled with the current transactions from the roles menu. If organisational levels are also included that are no longer required, they will be automatically deleted. If, however, organisational levels are added depending on the transaction, they should be maintained first in the eligibility maintenance.
Authorization tools - advantages and limitations
If you manage your SAP system landscape via the Central User Administration (ZBV), you must insert SAP Note 1663177 into both the ZBV system and all attached subsidiary systems. In this case, also note that the default user group will be assigned in the daughter systems if no user group has been distributed during the user's installation from the ZBV. In addition, you will receive an error message in the SCUL transaction stating that a user group must be assigned to the user (via the ZBV headquarters). This behaviour is independent of the settings of the distribution parameters for the user group in the SCUM transaction. If you have set the distribution parameters for the user group to Global or Redistribution, the appropriate subsidiary system will reject the changes made to users that do not have a user group in the Central System, and you will receive an error message in the SCUL transaction.
Critical permissions are permissions that allow you to view or modify security-related configurations in the SAP system, or perform activities that are critical from a legal or business perspective. This also includes access to sensitive data, which are e.g. personal. Critical permissions are really critical in themselves and pose a risk only if they get into the wrong hands. In any case, when using critical permissions, you should observe the principle of restricting rights. There are no general definitions of risk; Therefore, each company should define the compliance requirements for itself. Identifying critical SAP permissions is an important task and should be performed in every company. Particular attention should be paid not only to the award of transactions but also to the value characteristics of each of the eligible objects. It is important to mention that preventive regular inspections do not have to be burdensome. However, they will lead to greater transparency and security.
During go-live, the assignment of necessary authorizations is particularly time-critical. The "Shortcut for SAP systems" application provides functions for this purpose, so that the go-live does not get bogged down because of missing authorizations.
If only exceptional treatments are adjusted, you can omit or severely limit the test.
The chapter on the process for authorization management defines who is allowed to create and edit which roles and who is responsible for the development of various related processes.