The Basis system comprises a total of three layers (Figure 1):
SU53 Display authorization data
SAP recommends a role design for Fiori permissions based on the defined catalogues and groups in the launchpad. In such a catalogue there is usually a set of apps and services which is relevant for a specific user group. If a role for one or more catalogues in the launchpad has been authorised, the corresponding catalogues and groups will be displayed in the app finder only for eligible users when the launchpad is launched. This ensures that every user only sees what they are working with. Important: These Fiori permissions are maintained on the frontend server! Maintain catalogue permissions in the PFCG To add a Fiori permission to open a catalogue for a role, reopen this role in the PFCG in Change mode and follow the next steps: 1) Select Menu tab 2) Click on the small arrow to add an item 3) Select "SAP Fiori Tile Catalogue" Then select the corresponding Catalogue ID for which the selected role should be eligible. Now the role only has to be assigned to the corresponding users in the system. Once you have completed these steps, you will have the Fiori permissions you need to view individual tile catalogues on the launchpad.
If you now want to change the permission data, you will be asked for values for the appropriate organisation levels. First enter a tilde (~) and define the value later in the derived roles. Maintain the permissions you want and then generate the master role. Adding the organisational level to the master role Step 2: Define derived roles Create derived roles Assign the master role After you have created the master role, it is the derived roles that are in the process. To do this, re-enter a suitable role name via the PFCG. In our example, it is called "findepartment_d01". For a better overview, it is usually useful to name and number the derivatives after the master roles. You can also define the roles according to a different scheme. After you have created the role, you must then enter the master role in the Derive from Role field in the Description tab. Confirm the Auto Enquiries. Customise the Organisation Levels Now go to the "Menu" tab. There you can see that the data from the master role was automatically copied. Since the role has not yet been generated, the Permissions tab is currently highlighted in red. Therefore, call "Change Permissions Data". The first call should automatically open a dialogue to maintain the organisational levels, as they are still empty. If this is not the case, or if you would like to adjust the organisational levels again in a later case, you can also access them via the button Ordende (see screenshot). If everything worked well, you can now see that the permissions were also automatically taken from the master role. If you generate the role, the permission tab will also appear green. Congratulations, you have successfully created a derived role! Repeat step 2 with the additional derivatives to adjust the organisation levels accordingly.
How to lock (SU01) and unlock (SU10) an SAP user
In order for Fiori applications to be displayed according to the calling users, appropriate Fiori permissions must be maintained in the PFCG. There are several points to consider. This article discusses the permissions required to launch a Fiori application. In addition, a short explanation is given, how the displayed tiles can be configured in the Fiori launchpad via reels. To run Fiori applications from the launchpad and the permission queries defined in the OData services, the corresponding Fiori permission objects must also be maintained in the PFCG. Here the start permissions for the application's OData service in the backend system as well as permission objects are relevant for the business logic of the OData services used in the application. In general, it is important to know that if Fiori is implemented correctly, permissions must be maintained in the front-end server (call Launchpad, start the tile, etc.) as well as permissions in the back-end server (call the OData services from the backend). This article explains this in more detail.
There are the following types of Support Packages: SPAM/SAINT Update A SPAM/SAINT update (PAT) contains updates and improvements to the SAP Patch Manager and the SAP Add-On Installation Tool. FCS Support Package An FCS Support Package (FFD) brings an FCS system to the generally available release level (GA level) before other support packages can be inserted. Component Support Package One such support package (COP) applies to one software component (SAP_BASIS, SAP_HR, SAP_APPL, etc) and contains corrections for errors in the repository and in the dictionary in exactly this software component. Support Packages for the component SAP_HR include adjustments due to legal changes in addition to these corrections. A BW Support Package (BWP) is a support package for the SAP Business Information Warehouse (SAP_BW) software component and contains corrections only. Add-On Support Package An Add-On Support Package (AOP) always applies to an add-on with a specific release and includes corrections for that add-on.
With "Shortcut for SAP Systems" a tool is available that greatly facilitates some tasks in the SAP basis.
Patches are performed by the external SAP Basis team.
Internal communication is an important aspect for the SAP basis.