Web Services (SOAP)
The digitization of businesses and the emergence of new technologies mean that admins have to adapt to constantly changing conditions. Currently, the following trends (which are becoming more and more evident in the market) can be mentioned:
The tasks of a company's own SAP Basis department are currently undergoing enormous change, as SAP is also increasingly relying on cloud services. Strategically, completely self-hosted SAP systems are becoming rarer and the proportion of customers using an SAP system from the cloud is increasing. The new roles of SAP Basis employees tend to be "enablers" and coordinators between the cloud provider and internal IT and the business departments. Until that time comes, companies can also rely on external service providers to offer expert know-how as well as operational support for the transition period.
In order to cope with the digital transformation in general, but also to cope with the changing demands on the SAP basis and its scope of responsibility, it is necessary to revise existing roles and define and establish new roles. These include the roles of the technology architect, new features of the Subject Matter Expert (SME), and the role of the Expert Team Lead in leading a group of experts. Further information can be found in chapter 7.1 and 9.3 of the Master's thesis.
Without this provisioning component, adjustments to employee permissions in the respective IT resources would have to be implemented by the relevant system administrators. However, manual provisioning processes are by their very nature a source of errors. If an employee's tasks change, the system administrator should consider all active user accounts when modifying and deleting accounts. A modern IDM system therefore helps companies to keep track of users and their permissions, especially in complex and heterogeneous system landscapes.
Tools such as "Shortcut for SAP Systems" complement missing functions in the SAP basis area.
These subsystems can be used independently and in isolation as separate systems.
In addition, there is the ACL file secinfo, which allows to configure which users can start an external programme.