A new SAP system is created...
SAP HANA Cloud Platform (SAP HCP)
Protect: CodeProfiler for ABAP protects the SAP system from internal and external attacks from the first day of deployment. The ABAP firewall can be set up within a very short time and immediately checks every new transport request when it is released. Optimize: The audit function of CodeProfiler for ABAP specifically determines which programs are most threatened and should therefore be cleaned up first. In the long term, CodeProfiler for ABAP supports the automated correction of all findings and thus enables the timely closure of security gaps in all programs.
The following list explains the steps in the order they are performed by SPAM: PROLOGUE This step will check if you are eligible to play Support Packages. CHECK_REQUIREMENTS In this step, different requirements for inserting are checked, e.g. the login of the transport control programme tp to your system. DISASSEMBLE In this step, the data files are unpacked from the corresponding EPS packages and placed in the transport directory. ADD_TO_BUFFER In this step, the queue is placed in the transport buffer of your system. TEST_IMPORT This step checks whether there are any objects that are overridden during the commit and are in unreleased tasks. IMPORT_OBJECT_LIST In this step, the object lists for the support packages that are in the queue are fed into the system. OBJECTS_LOCKED_? This step checks to see if there are any objects that are overwritten during the commit and that are in unreleased jobs. SCHEDULE_RDDIMPDP In this step the transport daemon (programme RDDIMPDP) is planned. ADDON_CONFLICTS_? This step checks to see if there are conflicts between objects in the queue and add-ons installed. SPDD_SPAU_CHECK This step will check if a modification match (transactions SPDD/SPAU) is necessary. DDIC_IMPORT In this step, all ABAP Dictionary objects of the queue are imported. AUTO_MOD_SPDD This step checks whether modifications to ABAP Dictionary objects can be adjusted automatically. RUN_SPDD_? This step prompts you to customise your modifications to ABAP Dictionary objects by calling the transaction SPDD. IMPORT_PROPER In this step, all repository objects and table entries are fed. Then actions such as distribution, implementation, activation and generation take place. AUTO_MOD_SPAU This step checks whether modifications can be adjusted automatically. RUN_SPAU_?
ITS / ITSmobile
The security of an SAP system requires protection against unauthorised access, e.g. through the secinfo and reginfo files. A cleanly implemented authorisation concept protects against attacks within the SAP system. However, it is also possible to attack your SAP system via the network. Through the RFC Gateway Server, your system communicates with external servers and programmes. One particularly effective way to protect against this are so-called Access Control Lists (ACL). Find out what this is and how you can use it to better protect your SAP system. The SAP Standard offers different approaches for gate protection. All methods combined can provide even greater safety. For example, it is possible to use Access Control Lists (ACL) to monitor exactly which external programmes and which hosts can communicate with the gateway. Another option is to configure the gateway to support Secure Network Communication (SNC). Finally, there are various security parameters for the gateway. This article focuses on the use of ACL files such as secinfo and reginfo files. What is an ACL? Access control lists are files in which permitted or prohibited communication partners can be recorded. For the gateway to use these ACL files, parameters must be set in the default profile of the SAP system and of course the files must be maintained accordingly. With the help of logs and traces, which can be configured for this purpose, a precise investigation can be made in advance of the activation, which connections currently run via the gateway. This allows them to prevent important applications with which your system communicates from being blocked by the ACL files. The rules in the ACL files are read from top to bottom of the gateway to decide whether to allow a communication request. If none of the rules matches the requesting programme, it will be blocked. Network-based ACL The network-based ACL file contains permitted and prohibited subnets or specific clients.
Part of an IT or cloud strategy may be to define architectural guidelines and a framework for the use and use of certain services. The SAP basis is to actively participate in shaping the rules and framework and the architectural guidelines, and bring in its existing expertise from the SAP technology environment.
For administrators, a useful product - "Shortcut for SAP Systems" - is available in the SAP basis area.
The syntax of the file allows you to define not only the name of the programme, but also the host on which the programme runs and hosts that can use and exit the programme.
Today, most customers rely on an infrastructure abstraction layer, whether it's VMware or one of the cloud hypervisors.